Diet & Nutrition

Tips to help control your diabetes, high blood pressure
or kidney disease

Your diet and nutrition is very dependent upon your own unique condition. Together with your doctor you can plan out healthy meals that will help you to control your diabetes, high blood pressure or kidney disease.

Remember to always check with your doctor before beginning any new diet. A few things your doctor may suggest depending on your condition are:

  • Limit sodium and salt intake – beware of fast food, snack foods and canned foods as they tend to have a very high amount of sodium. High blood pressure and kidney disease are often influenced by your sodium level.
  • Watch for foods that are high in phosphorous – these foods include dairy products, dried beans, nuts and soft drinks. Kidney disease can limit the ability of the kidneys to remove phosphorous from your blood.
  • Limit your intake of protein – most meats such as chicken, red meat and seafood, as well as eggs, milk and cheese contain a lot of protein. Some breads, vegetables and fruits contain protein as well, although in lesser amounts. Protein produces a lot of waste in your body. If your kidneys are not functioning properly they may have trouble getting rid of this waste.
  • Carbohydrate counting – patients with diabetes need to keep the amount of carbohydrates they consume under control. Your carbohydrate intake directly influences your blood sugar levels. Keeping track of your carbohydrates will help you to maintain healthy blood sugar. Carbohydrates are found in breads, pastas, potatoes, fruits, sodas and sweets such as candy, cake, ice cream, plus many more foods. Check with your doctor for a complete list.
  • Watch your fluid intake – when kidneys no longer work properly they have a hard time processing fluids. To assist your kidneys and limit the amount of work they need to do your doctor may recommend that you limit your fluid intake. This will help to control your blood pressure and put less strain on your heart. Remember that fluids include any beverage you may drink as well as foods that melt at room temperature like ice cream or popsicles.